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108                             MAtHUB/ COSQOBRBB BY THZ QBS1KS*

50 B. C.j it is explicitly stated that Mathura was reduced by the Greeks, and that
their victorious armies advanced into the very heart of Hindustan, even as far
as Patali-paiara* Tha test is a& follows i —

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um: ^               ^f        i
" Then those hateful conquerors, the Greeks, after reducing Saketa,* the
country of Panchak and Mathnri, will take KusumaHlhTaja (PataH-putra) ;
and when Pnshpa-pura (i e^ P&iali-jHLtra) is takenj every province will assuredly
become disordered.'*
In close prosdmity to- the mound where &6 antiqnitiesj which we have des-
cribed above were discovered is a large walled enclosure, caled the Damdam%
for some years past occupied by the reserves of the district police, but originally
one of a series of mrde® erected in the time of the Delhi Emperors along the
roid between the two royal residences of Agra and Delhi. Hence the adjoin-
ing bamiet derives its name of Sarae Jamalpur ; and for the sake of conver-
nieace, -when future reference is made to the monad5 it will be by that title.
As it is at some distance to the south-east of the katra3 the traditional site of
ancient Mathura, and so far agrees with, the position assigned by Hwen Thsang
to the stiipa erected to commemorate Buddha's interview with the monkey^
there is plausible ground for identifying the two places. The identification k
confirmed by &e discovery of the inscription with the name Kundo-khara or
Kundasuka ; foij whichever way the word is read, it would seem to contain a
reference to a tank (fcuncZa), and a tank was the characteristic feature of Kw.en
Thsang's monkey stiipa. It at first appears a Ktiie strange that there should
¥GJ as the inscriptions lead us to infer^ four separate monasteries on one hill,
but General Cunningham states that in Barma^ where Buddhism is still the
national religion^ such juxtaposition is by no means uncommon.
* Tbe erf S4kete » afieettaiiied to- hare tatea place eariy IE the reign of Menanders
who ascended the throne tit the year 144 3EL C.» Bnskpa-miim being at that time King: of Patali-
ptuxa. The Girgi Suihifel i* HE ancient tad ate emely rare worfcf of wKeh only fire MSS.—
all appar«at!7 imperfect— ue u yet known to be in exisfcenoe. Three are In European
libraries •, cae belcagato Dt Kcm, who was the fittt to call attealioa to ttte work in. the Preface
to ills edition of Vtiiha MiMr»yg Brih&t Stnliita, in. wMck it is tieqaentfy quoted; aati
tee filrti kas receitly dtswveted by Dr. BoMes.